DID YOU KNOW?
Did you know that the first three search engines ever made were named “Archie”, “Veronica”, and “Jughead”? The “Archie” search engine is considered to be the first one developed, which was derived from the word “archive” without the V and created by three computer science students from McGill University School of Computer Science in 1990, in which the program downloads the directory listings of all the files located on public anonymous FTP sites, creating then a searchable database of downloadable file names. The service began as a project for students and volunteer staff of the university and further work on the Archie server was ceased during the late 90s, although it is still maintained and active for historical purposes in Poland at the University of Warsaw’s Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling.
A year after Archie’s release, the Gopher protocol emerged, spearheaded by University of Minnesota’s Microcomputer Center manager Mark McCahill, and with it, two programs dubbed “Veronica” and “Jughead”. Despite the Archie server creator Alan Emtage stating that there were no relations between his program and the Archie comics, the two new programs from the Gopher protocol were characters from the series, thus referencing their predecessor.
Although the earlier search engines might be considered inferior compared to the ones we have today, most of the features that were incorporated within their forerunners - like algorithms, keywords, and related studies - are what made modern search engines easier to use.